The Impact of Covid-19 to Indonesian Education and Its Relation to the Philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar”

  • Azmil Abidah Pharmacy Vocational High School of Sekesal, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Hasan Nuurul Hidaayatullaah Physics Education Program, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Roy Martin Simamora Indonesia Institute of the Art, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Daliana Fehabutar Physics Education Program, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Lely Mutakinati Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, Japan
Keywords: Covid-19, Philosophy of Education, Merdeka Belajar


The Covid-19 pandemic is now beginning to spread to the world of education. The Ministry of Education and Culture (MOEC) is currently based on official information, ready with all scenarios, including encouraging online learning for students. This article is a kind of position paper—it clearances one side of a debatable opinion about a hot issue. The aim of a position paper is to persuade the reader that our opinion is valid and defensible. In regards to our position as researchers, then, the point of view is separated into four parts: The philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar”, physical distancing, social distancing and self-quarantine, digital learning in Indonesia to face Covid-19, ‘Merdeka Belajar’, digital learning, Covid-19, and authors’ view.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdul Razzak, N. (2020). Paulo Freire’s critical and dialogic pedagogy and its implications for the Bahraini educational context. Educational Philosophy and Theory, (Article in press).

Belliappa, J. L. (2020). Extending feminist pedagogy in conferences: Inspiration from theatre of the oppressed. Gender and Education, 32,(1), 101-114. (2020). Situasi Virus Corona. Retrieved March 29, 2020, from

Fajrul, S. (2020, March 15). Dukungan Zenius untuk Kebijakan Belajar di Rumah di Tengah Penanggulangan Virus Corona. Retrieved March 29, 2020, from

Fleming, G. (2020, February 11). 5 Steps to Writing a Position Paper. Retrieved from

Freire, P. (1968). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Verlag Herder

Guilford, C. (2001). Occasions for argumentative essays: Writing argumentative essays. Retrieved August 26, 2002 from the World Wide Web: Previously adapted from: Hairston, M. (1982) A Contemporary Rhetoric (3rd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Kasih, A. P. (2020, March 16). Sekolah lawan Corona, Sekolahmu sediakan program belajar online gratis. Retrieved March 29, 2020, from

Kemdikbud. (2020, March 14). Cegah sebaran Covid19 di satuan pendidikan, Kemendikbud gandeng swasta siapkan solusi belajar daring. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from

Kemdikbud. (2019, December 11). Mendikbud tetapkan empat pokok kebijakan pendidikan merdeka belajar. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from

Maragakis, L. L. (2020). Coronavirus, social distancing and self quarantine. Retrieved from

Marope, P.T. M. (2017). Education: The key to development. Prospects, 47, 305-307.

Nugroho, R. S. (2020, March 14). Corona: 421 juta pelajar di 39 negara belajar di rumah, kampus di Indonesia Kuliah Online. Retrieved March 28, 2020,

Panitia Buku Peringatan Taman Siswa 30 tahun (Ed.). (1952). Taman Siswa 30 Tahun. Yogyakarta: Panitia Buku Peringatan Taman Siswa 30 Tahun.

Quipper. (2020). Ini dia konten gratis dari Quipper untuk guru dan siswa di seluruh Indonesia! #BisaTetapBelajar. (2020, March 17). Retrieved March 29, 2020, from

Setiawan, B. (2019). Kemerdekaan belajar dahulu, gemar belajar kemudian. Retrieved December 12, 2019, from

Suprapto, N. (2016). What should educational reform in Indonesia look like? - Learning from the PISA science scores of East-Asian countries and Singapore. Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching,17(2),16.

Suprapto, N., Deta, U.A., Lestari, N.A., Kholiq, A., Adam, A.S., Mubarok, H., & Jauhariyah, M.N.R. (2018). Pre-service physics teachers' understanding on total lunar eclipse: A response of supermoon on January 31 st 2018. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1108(1), 012097.

Suprapto, N., Liu, W.-Y., Ku, C.-H. (2017). The implementation of multiple intelligence in (Science) classroom: From empirical into critical | [Daugialypio intelekto teorijos taikymas (Tiksliųjų mokslų) pamokose: nuo empirinio iki kritinio požiūrio]. Pedagogika, 126(2), 214-227.

UNESCO. (2020). Education emergencies. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from

Widianingtyas, H., & Sadino, A. (2020, March 16). 8 situs gratis buat bantu kamu belajar di rumah. Retrieved March 29, 2020, from

How to Cite
Abidah, A., Hidaayatullaah, H. N., Simamora, R. M., Fehabutar, D., & Mutakinati, L. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 to Indonesian Education and Its Relation to the Philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar”. Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, 1(1), 38-49.