Impact of Online Education on Student Learning during the Pandemic

  • Hermeet Kohli University of Southern Maine
  • Donna Wampole University of Southern Maine
  • Amarpreet Kohli University of Southern Maine
Keywords: COVID-19, higher education, students, online education, learning

Abstract

Using qualitative exploratory research, we documented the experiences of 90 undergraduate and graduate students on how online education was affecting their learning during the pandemic. Data was collected from School of Social Work students at a northeastern public university in the United States. The participants were unsatisfied with the unexpected disruption to online education. However, they had adjusted to digital learning, and stated that they would rather have subpar education than put self and others in danger due to COVID-19. The major challenges that the students encountered are: (a) struggle with online education, (b) difficulty connecting with instructors, (c) lack of motivation, (d) losses, (e) difficulty accessing other learning resources, and (f) unsafe/inaccessible home environment. Recommendations are provided for instructors and administrators to support students in these challenging times.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adnan, M., & Anwar, K. (2020). Online learning amid the COVID-19 pandemic: Students’ perspectives. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2(1), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020261309

Al-Okaily, M., Alqudah, H., Matar, A., Lutfi, A., & Taamneh, A. (2020). Dataset on the acceptance of e-learning system among universities students’ under the COVID-19 pandemic conditions. Data in Brief, 32, 106176-106176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.106176

Ana, A., Minghat, A. D., Purnawarman, P., Saripudin, S., Muktiarni, M., Dwiyanti, V., & Mustakim, S. S. (2020). Students’ perceptions of the twists and turns of e-learning in the midst of the COVID-19 outbreak. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(1), 15-26. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/12.1sup2/242

Aucejo, E. M., French, J., Araya, M. P. U., & Zafar, B. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on student experiences and expectations: Evidence from a survey. Journal of Public Economics, 191, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2020.104271

Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287, 112934-112934. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112934

Chen, R. N., Liang, S. W., Peng, Y., Li, X. G., Chen, J. B., Tang, S. Y., & Zhao, J. B. (2020). Mental health status and change in living rhythms among college students in China during the COVID-19 pandemic: A large-scale survey. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 137, 110219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110219

Cohen, A. K., Hoyt, L. T., & Dull, B. (2020). A descriptive study of COVID-19-related experiences and perspectives of a national sample of college students in Spring 2020. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 67(3), 369–375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.06.009

Crawford, J., Butler-Henderson, K., Rudolph, J., Malkawi, B., Glowatz, M., Burton, R., Magni, P. A., & Lam, S. (2020). COVID-19: 20 countries’ higher education intra-period digital pedagogy responses. Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching, 3(1), 9–28. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.2008.T.003

De Boer, H. (2021). COVID-19 in Dutch higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 46(1), 96-106. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2020.1859684

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2011). Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage handbook of qualitative research (pp 1-20). Sage.

Eringfeld, S. (2021). Higher education and its post-coronial future: Utopian hopes and dystopian fears at Cambridge University during COVID-19. Studies in Higher Education, 46(1), 146-157. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2020.1859681

Evans, N. (2020). Leading with empathy: Supporting faculty through COVID‐19 and beyond. The Department Chair, 31(1). https://doi.org/10.1002/dch.30336

Griffiths, J. (2020). E-learning, during the pandemic and beyond. British Journal of Community Nursing, 25(6), 265-265. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjcn.2020.25.6.265

Hasan, N., & Bao, Y. (2020). Impact of “e-Learning crack-up” perception on psychological distress among college students during COVID-19 pandemic: A mediating role of “fear of academic year loss”. Children and Youth Services Review, 118, 105355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105355

Hoyt, L. T., Cohen, A. K., Dull, B., Castro, E. M., & Yazdani, N. (2020). “Constant stress has become the new normal”: Stress and anxiety inequalities among U.S. college students in the time of COVID-19. Journal of Adolescent Health, S1054-139X(20), 30646-30647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.10.030

Jena, P. K. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on higher education in India. International Journal of Advanced Education and Research (IJAER), 5(3), 77-81.

Kapasia, N., Paul, P., Roy, A., Saha, J., Zaveri, A., Mallick, R., Barman, B., Das, P., & Chouhan, P. (2020). Impact of lockdown on learning status of undergraduate and postgraduate students during COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal, India. Children and Youth Services Review, 116, 105194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105194

Karademir, A., Yaman, F., and Saatçioğlu, Ö. (2020). Challenges of higher education institutions against COVID-19: The case of Turkey. Journal of Pedagogical Research, 4(4), 453-474. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPR.2020063574

Krippendorff, K. (2019). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology (4th ed.). Sage.

Kulikowski, K., Przytuła, S., & Sułkowski, Ł. (2021). E‐learning? never again! On the unintended consequences of COVID‐19 forced e‐learning on academic teacher motivational job characteristics. Higher Education Quarterly, preprint, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1111/hequ.12314

Mladenova, T., Kalmukov, Y., & Valova, I. (2020). Covid 19 – A major cause of digital transformation in education or just an evaluation test. TEM Journal, 9(3), 1163–1170. https://doi.org/10.18421/TEM93-42

Palgi, Y., Shrira, A., Ring, L., Bodner, E., Avidor, S., Bergman, Y., Cohen-Fridel, S., Keisari, S., & Hoffman, Y. (2020). The loneliness pandemic: Loneliness and other concomitants of depression, anxiety and their comorbidity during the COVID-19 outbreak. Journal of Affective Disorders, 275, 109–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.036

Peters, M. A., Rizvi, F., McCulloch, G., Gibbs, P., Gorur, R., Hong, M., . . . Misiaszek, L. (2020). Reimagining the new pedagogical possibilities for universities post-covid-19: An EPAT collective project. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 1-44. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131857.2020.1777655

Roy, H., Ray, K., Saha, S., & Ghosal, A. K. (2020). A study on students’ perceptions for online Zoom-app based flipped class sessions on anatomy organised during the lockdown period of COVID-19 epoch. Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research, 14(6), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2020/44869.13797

Rudenstine, S., McNeal, K., Schulder, T., Ettman, C. K., Hernandez, M., Gvozdieva, K., & Galea, S. (2020). Depression and anxiety during the COVID‐19 pandemic in an urban, Low‐Income public university sample. Journal of Traumatic Stress. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22600

Sales, D., Cuevas-Cerveró, A., & Gómez-Hernández, J.-A. 2020. Perspectives on the information and digital competence of Social Sciences students and faculty before and during lockdown due to Covid-19. El Profesional de La Información, 29(4), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.jul.23

Schreier, M. (2012). Qualitative content analysis in practice. Sage.

Shahzad, A., Hassan, R., Aremu, A.Y., Hussain, A., & Lodhi, R. N. (2020). Effects of COVID-19 in E-learning on higher education institution students: The group comparison between male and female. Quality & Quantity. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-020-01028-z

Son, C., Hegde, S., Smith, A., Wang, X., & Sasangohar, F. (2020). Effects of COVID-19 on college students’ mental health in the United States: Interview survey study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(9), e21279-e21279. https://doi.org/10.2196/21279

Tesar, M. (2020). Towards a post-COVID-19 ‘new normality?’: Physical and social distancing, the move to online and higher education. Policy Futures in Education, 18(5), 556-559. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478210320935671

Toquero, C. M. (2020). Challenges and opportunities for higher education amid the COVID-19 pandemic: The Philippine context. Pedagogical Research, 5(4), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.29333/pr/7947

Wang, Z., Yang, H., Yang, Y., Liu, D., Li, Z., Zhang, X., . . . Mao, C. (2020). Prevalence of anxiety and depression symptom, and the demands for psychological knowledge and interventions in college students during COVID-19 epidemic: A large cross-sectional study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 275, 188-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.034

World Health Organization. (2020). WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard. World Health Organization. https://covid19.who.int/

Yang, B. & Huang, C. (2021) Turn crisis into opportunity in response to COVID-19: Experiences from a Chinese university and future prospects. Studies in Higher Education, 46(1), 121-132. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2020.1859687

Published
2021-09-09
How to Cite
Kohli, H., Donna Wampole, & Amarpreet Kohli. (2021). Impact of Online Education on Student Learning during the Pandemic. Studies in Learning and Teaching, 2(2), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.46627/silet.v2i2.65
Section
Articles